The carrot knows how to make itself indispensable in the kitchen and it is generally appreciated by young and old alike, raw, cooked, in juice and even in cakes! To taste good carrots and take advantage of its many benefits, just grow it in the garden. It’s easy and it’s really nice to be able to bite into this root vegetable with great taste quality from July. Here is everything you need to know to sow, grow, care for and harvest carrots.
Care should be taken not to sow carrots early as they will not sprout. We therefore expect the sol either sufficiently warmed up in order to reach a temperature at least equal to 10°C but on condition that the risk of frost is ruled out. The sowing period can therefore vary from one region to another depending on the climate.
In order to obtain a continuous harvest, sowing can be spaced out by about ten days until July 15 at the most.
The carrot particularly appreciates the full sun. It hates shallow, heavy soils, clay or clay soils that retain water, stony or stony soils because it deforms them. On the contrary she likes them sols riches in hummus, deep, well draining et lighta little sandy et without stones. But be careful: do not spread manure or bury it before planting because this attracts the carrot worm. Must therefore dig the same day to a depth of 30-35 cm and at this time mix the humus with the soil.
This vegetable loves fairly deep soils, it is necessary to form mounds at least 25 cm if this is not the case. Carrot seeds are very small, so you have to be careful not to drop them in bunches. Sowing proceeds as follows.
- Dig furrows 2 to 3 cm deep,
- Space the furrows 30 cm apart,
- Place a seed every 2 cm in the center of the furrows,
- Cover them with a thin layer of loose soil or sand,
- Tamp lightly by tapping with the head of a rake,
- Water in rain.
We maintain the watering once or twice a week. The soil should not dry out. We weed very regularly by hand so as to leave no chance for weeds to develop. About 20 days after sowing, the seeds begin to germinate. You still have to wait, until each plant reaches about ten centimeters in height.
It’s a root vegetable which thrives perfectly in the ground. It is therefore not recommended to grow carrots in pots except for the varieties with very short roots which are best chosen if you only have a small courtyard or a balcony.
However, when the seedlings measure 10cm tall, it is necessary to thin out the rows so as to only keep one carrot in the ground every 8 to 10 cm. For information, on a vegetable patch of 30 cm sides, there is a maximum of 16 carrot plants. Once the carrots have risen well, do not move them.
As soon as the rows are thinned out, it is advisable to install an insect net on the furrows in order to prevent, among other things, the carrot fly from laying its eggs in the plantations. The net also prevents the invasion of snails and slugs fond of the young leaves.
One can use the combination of friendly plants in the garden. So, near carrots, it is beneficial to plant rosemary, radish, tomatoes, peas, broad beans, leeks, onions, shallots and sage. On the other hand, it does not go well with dill or beets.
Maintaining your carrot plantations is limited to very few things.
In the beginning, young plants need to be watered once a week as this promotes the development of their roots. Subsequently, watering should be carried out regularly, without excessbut must allow keep the earth moist.
A mulch is useful after the rows have been thinned, as it helps maintain freshness and limits the number of waterings. It is therefore economical and ecological.
Harvest the carrot
There are many varieties of carrots, some are harvested from Julyothers later until November or december.
The carrot has a serious advantage over many vegetable garden products: it can be harvest whenever you want since it is eaten young when it is very small and tender, or later in the year. The winter carrot is therefore long and fat but just as delicious as the summer carrot.
Be that as it may, we know that they are ready to be tasted as soon as the top of the root emerges from the ground. Just pull vertically on the stems to get the root vegetables out of the ground or use a spade fork with which you gently lift the plants while pulling them by the leaves with one hand.
It is common that there are still many carrots left in the garden when the first frosts appear. To avoid losing them, it is better to anticipate by laying a thick layer of straw on the rows.
Finally, the following year, you will have to cultivate your carrots in another area of the garden and so on for at least 4 years. The rotation des cultures is often essential in the vegetable garden to produce more and better but also to limit the invasion of parasites and prevent many diseases.