You accidentally spill a candle or unintentionally overheat grease in a frying pan and hop a fire can quickly start in your home. Hence the interest of an autonomous smoke alarm detector – made compulsory in all homes, but also of a fire extinguisher. Although not compulsory, this can be useful in the event of a fire starting in your home. Which ones are suitable and for what purpose? Here are some tips to see more clearly and, if necessary, equip yourself.
Even though you could put out a fire within two minutes with the right fire extinguisher, experts warn against being overzealous when it comes to fires. First you need to call the fire department and then make sure everyone is safe. Only then can you take the initiative to use your fire extinguisher. Be aware that in case of heavy smoke, it is important to leave your home immediately, because a few breaths can be fatal.
What criteria should be observed when choosing a fire extinguisher for the home?
You will go to a supermarket dedicated to DIY, to a household equipment store or even to a supermarket to buy a fire extinguisher. Here is what you should look for when equipping your home with a fire extinguisher:
- His weight : there is no point equipping yourself with a fire extinguisher that you would be unable to lift and even less to handle. You can always opt for two extinguishers of lesser weight rather than a single much heavier one.
- Her size : it’s the same reasoning. In addition, beware of its size, if only for location issues in your home. Because a fire extinguisher must be easily accessible. No question of placing it behind a piece of furniture or a large pile of cardboard. Ideally, it should be placed in a room where fire is likely to break out, such as a kitchen.
- Son volume : it’s written on its surface, it gives you an idea of how much fuel you have.
- Its compliance: the exterior that you are about to choose must bear the CE mark and meet very specific standards.
What are the different types of fire extinguishers?
foam fire extinguisher
The foam extinguisher similar to the water extinguisher turns its product into a heavy and compact foam. It allows the flames to be extinguished without the risk of restarting. It is an irritant and corrosive product so be careful when handling it.
The powder extinguisher
The powder extinguisher is suitable for class A, B and C fires, the most common in homes, namely those caused by poor electrical connections or a kitchen left unattended. The powder extinguisher has a pressure gauge and a hose, which simplifies its operation. It is also supplied with the corresponding wall bracket. So it can be easily installed. On the other hand, its powder is very corrosive and can cause a lot of damage. It is this type of extinguisher that is the most recommended for homes because it can smother the flames quickly and thus control the fire as soon as it starts.
The water extinguisher
This extinguisher fights fire class A solid fires without any chemicals: its extinguishing agent is pure water. The damage resulting from the action of the extinguishing agent is therefore much lower with this extinguisher than with extinguishing sprays and foam extinguishers. The water extinguisher can be easily attached to the wall bracket. Its use is easy thanks to the trigger button, the fire extinguisher gun and the extremely stable ergonomically shaped handle. Sometimes the water extinguisher contains an additive that makes the water even more penetrating, which increases its effectiveness in fighting the flames. In this case, always be careful not to spray the product on your body as it can be irritating. The water extinguisher is obviously not recommended on electrical connections.
The gas extinguisher
It is an extinguisher that contains gas, most often carbon dioxide, at very low temperature. Indeed, the liquid coming out of the device is around -75 degrees, so you have to be extremely careful in handling it, especially when handling it but also with respect to electrical equipment. These can be cooled when overheated. But beware of explosion if cooled too quickly.
How to use the fire extinguisher you have just purchased?
There is a seal that can be difficult to undo without help. It may therefore be appropriate to leave a knife or a pair of scissors near your fire extinguisher – obviously installed far from any possible access by a young child. Pull the pin then press the handle. And aim for the base of the fire: point the extinguisher down and sweep the area sideways. A fire extinguisher discharges very quickly: be quick because it empties in about ten seconds. You have noticed that in any case, it is not recommended to touch the product contained in your extinguisher because it can cause you injury. If you have even partially used your fire extinguisher, it becomes unusable. A fire extinguisher can only be used for single use.