It is essential to plant plant species particularly sought after by pollinating insects because in addition to preserve biodiversity they devour many garden pests. Let’s see what are the main pollinating insects that can be found in our latitudes and what plants should be favored to attract them.
Our main pollinating insects to preserve
The garden is home to thousands of insects. Among them, there are those which we seek to eradicate by all means because they cause serious damage to vegetable plants, fruit trees and ornamental plants, but there are also some which turn out to be very useful since they preserve biodiversity by allowing natural reseeding. It is the pollinating insects that we must preserve.
Passing from flower to flower, pollinating insects perpetuate plant species since they transport seeds randomly in their flight and facilitate cross-pollination. It is even said that without bees, life would not be possible since plants allow herbivores to survive and carnivores to feed themselves. Allowing plants to reproduce, the pollinating insects that we can attract to our gardens are of course bees but also for example:
- The beetles such as beetles, ladybugs, stag beetles, noble edemas, gendarmes,
- The dermaptères among which we find the forticules (tweezers or earwigs) but a small number. Forticules in the garden cause damage if they multiply excessively because these individuals feed on fruits, buds, petals, etc.
- The diptera such as hoverflies, flies,
- The Hymenopteraincluding bees of course, bumblebees, wasps, ants,
- The Lepidopterathat is to say the butterflies…
Some pollinators are particularly efficient because they are able to forage countless flowers within a few hours. This is of course the case withbee which forages relentlessly in order to be able to feed all the occupants of the hive, whether adults or larvae. The bumblebee and the ant are also among the champions in this field. For information, there are not only pollinating insects. In other latitudes hummingbirds are also among the remarkable foragers.
Be careful though: not all critters that settle in plants are pollinators. The spider for example (which is an arachnid and not an insect) is only there to trap a number of pollinators on which it feeds. Moreover, its attitude is very different from that of the foragers: it weaves its web between the stems and the leaves and hides there while waiting for its prey, but it does not go from one plant to another.
The different solutions to attract pollinating insects
Multiplying plants is by far the best solution to allow pollinators to survive. And that holds as much if you have a garden as a simple balcony because even in the heart of the city, it is quite possible to make a gesture for nature. Some bee plants in planters or pots enough to attract them. Of course, the larger the natural space, the more we can multiply plant species.
Among other things, we give priority to:
- The flower meadow which consists of a multitude of wild flowers such as:
- meadow clover,
- the daisy,
- The mustard,
- The Mallow,
- Eschscholtzia or California Poppy,
- The Poppy,
- La Bourdaine,
- the agastaches,
- The trees and shrubs as :
- La Viorne,
- The Privet,
- The Sumac,
- black elderberry,
- Le Seringat,
- hazel tree,
- The Lilac,
- La Glycine,
- The Cotoneaster,
- Japanese Quince,
- The fragrant honeysuckle,
- The Buddleia which rightly bears the nickname butterfly bush,
- The Judas Tree…
- The aromatic plants as :
- The citrus with very fragrant flowers including:
- Lemon Tree,
- And Kumquat,
- Le Mandarinier,
- The Orange Tree,
- The Grapefruit…
- The ornamental plants as :
- The Verveine of Buenos Aires,
- hemp-leaved boneset,
This list is far from being exhaustive. Thus, depending on the climate of his region, solof the’exposition that can be offered to plants and type de culture desired (in the ground or in a pot), everyone can choose different species of bee plants, the ideal being to opt for the diversity. To take advantage of a natural space in bloom throughout the year, it is recommended to choose your plants with, as another criterion of choice, thestaggered flowering which will also benefit garden-friendly insects. This is the best way to combine business with pleasure.
Install an insect hotel to attract pollinators
Very trendy, the insect hotel is marketed in garden centers, supermarkets and on websites. Easy to create with recycled materials, it is a small accessory to build with the children to allow useful insects to take refuge and reproduce. This shelter for insects should preferably be planted at the end of winter, but nothing prevents it from being planted in the garden during summer or autumn. It will be ready for the following spring and will be able to welcome a great diversity of guests. So that its tenants feel good there, it is necessary to reserve a place of choice at the insect hotel.
Finally, we believe it is essential to specify that attracting pollinating insects is good, but doing everything to prevent them from dying is better. Also, it is essential to do not abuse insecticides because browsers are very sensitive to it. For their protection, the gardener must adopt good phytosanitary practices.