No less than 90% of owners of electric or hybrid vehicles recharge their vehicle at home or at their place of work rather than on the public highway or at service stations according to the Association for the Development of Electric Mobility (Avere France ).
It is true that being able to quietly recharge your electric car at home is a real comfort. Some of the owners of electric vehicles use domestic or reinforced sockets, but many of them acquire charging stations that are much more efficient from a safety point of view and above all which allow them to recharge an electric car in a short time. reduced compared to connecting to a simple household outlet.
On the other hand, the purchase of charging stations is encouraged by the public authorities which grant recipients a flat-rate aid of 300 euros as part of the tax credit for energy transition. The installation of a charging station must be carried out by a licensed electrician. On the other hand, its positioning at home remains the choice of the owner of an electric vehicle. Outdoors or indoors, everything is possible, but how to make the right choice?
Installing a charging station inside your home: the ideal solution, but not the only one
Most individuals who have a charging station for their electric vehicle choose to install this equipment inside their home, of course for those who have a garage or a closed room adjoining their typical house laundry room for example.
In the case of installing a charging station in a garage, individuals find two main interests: first, to protect their charging system from rain, cold, dust, etc., which has the advantage of protecting their charging station as well as possible and thus guaranteeing its longevity, but also of protecting their electric vehicle while it is charging, especially since the performance of the batteries of electric cars can be reduced due to bad weather, especially in very cold or very high temperatures.
Installing a charging station inside your home also has an advantage in terms of security since this equipment is thus more protected from the risk of theft, vandalism, but also natural disasters such as storms, very heavy rains, very cold temperatures, etc. If you insure your charging system, placing it in your garage, for example, also has the advantage of being a very good point in the eyes of your insurance company.
A charging station is very easy to install inside your home, and more particularly in an unoccupied room adjoining the house. It is enough to place it on a wall and to connect it to the electric panel of the house which, very often, is in addition in the garage, which avoids the installation of a connection which requires long cables so that the system charging can work. Thus, the charging station is very easy to access, especially if it is placed on the side of the hatch of the electric car socket, a very important element to take into account for its installation.
Installing a charging station outside your home: quite possible, but precautions are necessary
If installing a charging station inside your home appears to be the ideal situation, there is nothing to prevent this equipment from being placed outside your home. This is also necessarily the case for those who do not have, for example, a garage or outbuildings.
The majority of charging stations available on the market are designed to withstand all weather conditions, cold or very hot temperatures, humidity (rain, snow, etc.), and are not afraid of dust because they are waterproof. On the other hand, the charging stations are also shock resistant. This is why a charging station arranged outside his house, for example on a facade of the dwelling, does not pose any particular problem as regards its operation and safety. So, when purchasing your charging system, make sure that your equipment correctly fulfills all these conditions.
Nevertheless, installing the charging station for your electric car outside your home can have a disadvantage that may not be financially trivial. In this case, in fact, this equipment is most often installed at a distance further from the electrical panel of the house. This implies the obligation to connect the charging station using a much longer electric cable than when it is installed in the house or garage for example. This constraint necessarily contributes to increasing the cost of installing a charging station outside your home.
On the other hand, a certain range of charging station cannot absolutely be installed outside a home. These are “new generation” charging systems, known as connected, which allow the owner of an electric vehicle to, for example, program their charging station and charge it remotely or monitor their installation in terms of electricity consumption in particular. These charging stations work thanks to computers and, for security reasons linked to this technology which can be the subject of hacking in particular, it is strongly recommended to place these innovative charging systems out of the reach of people outside the household and therefore to install them inside the house.