Pruning calendar for trees and shrubs in the garden

The flowering period of a shrub is decisive in determining when it should be pruned. Inexperienced gardeners have reason to hesitate. It may also be useful to print out the tree and shrub pruning schedule and pin it in the shed so you always have it in view. This makes it possible to program these essential works according to the varieties, without risking disturbing the flowering by too severe a cut or carried out at the wrong time of the year. Here is, month by month, how to organize the pruning of many trees/shrubs.


tree or shrub


  • Vine trellises
  • Trellised fruit trees (apple and pear)
  • Gooseberry and red currant
  • Cassissier
  • Knotweed
  • white hornbeam
  • Country hedge
  • Apple tree
  • Walnut
  • Neflier
  • Virginia Jasmine Quince
  • Hazel
  • Weeping willow


  • Fruit trees (except stone fruit trees)
  • Shrubs (except those that don’t bloom in spring)
  • Clematis
  • Actinidia (Kiwi)
  • wig tree
  • Cotoneaster
  • Symphorine
  • Virginia creeper
  • Charmille
  • Bignone
  • Fig tree
  • Hawthorn
  • shrimp willow
  • Privet
  • Blueberry
  • Almond
  • Abélia
  • Dogwood


  • flowering currant
  • Buddleia (butterfly tree)
  • Japanese Quince
  • Indian lilac
  • Camellia
  • Desmodium
  • winter heather
  • Caryopteris
  • evergreen shrubby honeysuckle
  • shrub rose
  • climbing rose
  • summer spirea
  • Mahonia
  • Berberis
  • dwarf bamboo
  • tree peony
  • Perovskia (Russian sage or Afghan sage)
  • Althea (Hibiscus or Tree Mallow)
  • laurel thyme
  • Summer flowering trees like Hydrangea and Callicarp
  • Potentille


  • acacia boule
  • Fuchsia du Cap
  • Reblooming rose (end of pruning)
  • Non-remontant climbing rose
  • Escallonia
  • Witch Hazel
  • Thuja
  • Charcoal
  • Corylopsis
  • Mimosa
  • Olivier
  • bean tree
  • Bougainvillée


  • Stone fruit trees (peach, apricot, nectarine, cherry, plum, etc.)
  • spring spirea
  • spring tamarisk
  • Conifers (hedges) as soon as the nests have been deserted
  • Prunus
  • Lilac (late May to June)
  • Japanese korete


  • Tube
  • Rhododendron
  • Deutzia
  • ornamental cherry
  • If
  • Sandpiper (Judas Tree)
  • snowball viburnum
  • Forsythia
  • fruit brambles
  • evergreen ceanothe


  • sweat
  • Weigelia
  • Kolkwitzia (beauty bush)
  • Glycine
  • Vine
  • Photenia
  • Summer raspberry (after fruit production)


  • Leyland cypress
  • Privet (vigorous regrowth)
  • Lavender (tufted)
  • Chestnut
  • Scotch Broom
  • For topiary art, it’s time to focus on the second cleanliness pruning yew, privet, boxwood, false cypress, bower…


  • Oleander (after flowering)
  • Maple
  • deciduous honeysuckle
  • Walnut
  • Birch
  • old climbing rose
  • Photinia (if not pruned in July)


  • No size. This is the time to sharpen the tools intended for cutting and pruning and to disinfect them.


  • Everbearing rose (remove 1/3 if too tall)
  • Cornus (dogwood)
  • Aucuba


Training size for:

  • Privet hedge
  • Hedge of brambles

This list is not exhaustive.

Pruning trees and shrubs over the seasons

Pruning trees and shrubs in winter

In winter, we choose the beautiful days to prune the trees and shrubs, that is to say when it is not freezing. It is also necessary that the leaves have already fallen, but we prune before the end of February because the flower buds have not yet appeared, the plants being still in a period of dormancy.

Some experienced gardeners, however, avoid winter pruning in many cases to carry out this task preferably around the month of June because at this time of the year the trees heal more quickly.

However, it should be noted that only at the very end of winter, summer-flowering species are pruned, as this promotes the growth of young wood on which the flowers will develop.

Pruning trees and shrubs in the spring

In spring, pruning allows ventilation inside the antlers. To do this, it is necessary to attack the branches that cross at the heart of a tree. In this way, they will benefit from greater luminosity. Dead wood and twigs are also removed so that structural branches and flowering branches are not deprived of sap.

In late spring, spring-flowering shrubs should be pruned only if they are completely deflowered. If not, we wait.

Pruning trees and shrubs in summer

In summerwe eliminate (as in any season besides) the branches and twigs sick, dried out and we take the opportunity to remove the faded leaves and flowers.

Pruning trees and shrubs in the fall

In autumnthe pruning makes it possible to remove the surplus branches in order tolighten the antler and shorten spun shoots. It is also at this time that training pruning is carried out to guide a tree or shrub, knowing that it must be done gradually.

There is no one size rule. It all depends on the variety concerned, its time of flowering or fruiting, and its age too. Some trees need to be pruned every 7 to 10 years (oaks…) while others need to be pruned every 4 or 5 years, or even every 2 years…

Likewise, there is a training size, a sort of guide gradually leading the tree or shrub to its final shape. The maintenance pruning proves essential for removing misplaced or intersecting branches, cleaning the crown (crown) and relieving the antlers. As for the rejuvenation waist, it takes place every 2 or 3 years as needed. The main goal is to declutter the tree. It is necessary to cut back the branches quite severely in many subjects.

Improper pruning can harm a tree or shrub. Do not hesitate to entrust this type of maintenance to a professional like a landscaper to offer a new youth to these plants in the rules of the art.

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