Are you planning to replace your water heater and don’t know which model to choose or what budget to plan for? The replacement of such a device must be prepared, because although it is essential within a house, it is preferable not to make errors in the model and installation. Our experts guide you through this complete file and help you make the right choices for a successful project.
When should you change your water heater?
Noting the state of dilapidation of a water heater is not always easy. Nevertheless, some signs can testify to his fatigue. Take this into account in order to avoid breakdowns and the costs of emergency repairs. It’s often best to take the lead and replace the device before it’s too late.
These signs should alert you:
- The water is less hot even though the water heater is set to the same temperature.
- The amount of hot water runs out much faster than before.
- Rust spots are forming on the bottom of the water heater.
- The water is slightly tinted by the rust present inside the water heater.
The different types of water heaters
The presence of the water heater is essential in any habitat, which is why it is advisable to act at the first signs of weakness. This way you will avoid breakdowns and problems and you will have time to properly prepare your device replacement.
There are several types of water heaters:
tankless water heater
This model heats the water instantly, that is to say that it produces hot water as soon as you draw it from the tap for your shower or your dishes, for example. This device remains rare, because it is not very economical and it does not allow hot water to be produced during off-peak hours in particular.
Water heater with tank
This model produces hot water like the previous one, but it has a tank. It is therefore possible for you to program the heating periods during off-peak hours or to put it into forced operation in the event of an urgent one-off need. More economical, this system is the most widespread.
The cumulus, or hot water tank, accumulates hot water in a specific water tank. This device makes it possible to produce, accumulate and store a certain quantity of water in order to heat it.
On the market, there are four main types of water heater operation: solar, thermodynamic, gas and electric.
The electric water heater
The electric water heater is the most common. A distinction is made between the instantaneous model, which meets low hot water needs, because it heats on demand, without hot water storage, and the storage model which, on the contrary, stores water to supply the needs of ‘a family.
The water is heated by means of an electrical resistance. Its capacity is between 50 and 400 liters on average. Its installation is simple and it can operate during off-peak hours to achieve greater savings. On the other hand, it consumes a lot of energy.
Its pluses: Easy to install; multiple abilities; operates during off-peak hours; no maintenance.
Its minuses: Consumes a lot of energy.
The gas water heater
The gas water heater is primarily intended for small hot water needs, such as a sink. It is installed near a draw-off point.
The water is heated by a gas burner. Its maximum capacity is around 50 litres. Its use is less expensive than electricity, but its installation is more complex and requires specific connections. Moreover, unlike the electric, it must be serviced every year.
Its pluses: Cheaper to use than electricity.
Its minuses: Only suitable for a small draw; a mandatory annual interview; town gas connection required.
The thermodynamic water heater
This device recovers the heat present in the ambient air of the room in which it is installed. He uses it to heat the water it contains. To work, this device still needs an electrical backup. It is regularly installed in new constructions, because it uses renewable energy and it meets the criteria of RT 2012. However, its installation must comply with specific rules and may prove to be restrictive.
This system is equipped with a small heat pump which draws the necessary calories from the room. Its capacity ranges from 150 to 270 litres.
Its pluses: Very economical; compatible with RT 2012; eligible for financial aid; no specific maintenance.
Its minuses: installation constraints.
The solar water heater
This model remains the most economical, since it uses the energy of the sun to operate. It needs solar panels, to be placed on your roof or in your garden. These will capture the heat from the sun’s rays to return it to the balloon. Despite its advantages, this system is not widely used and is above all suitable for sunny regions, especially the south of France. Its capacity varies from 200 to 400 liters.
Its pluses: Uses free and renewable energy; compatible with RT 2012; eligible for financial aid.
Its minuses: Only suitable for sunny areas; very expensive to buy.
How to choose your replacement water heater?
To make the right choice, several essential criteria must be taken into account, starting with the device itself. Its purchase must be considered, because its investment will follow you for several years.
The range of products is relatively wide and the price of your installation will vary according to the model of water heater chosen, the brand of the manufacturer, the guarantees taken out, the mode of energy and the technology as well as the capacity of the tank. Thus, a model that is inexpensive to buy can be extremely expensive to use, and vice versa!
The choice of a water heater requires thought and preparation, hence the importance of anticipating its replacement and not waiting for yours to suddenly fail you. It is essential for your daily comfort and to save energy that your water heater is sized for your home, its inhabitants and your uses; neither too much nor too little. Do not hesitate to seek the advice of a professional to make the right choice.
What budget should I plan to replace my water heater?
The budget for replacing your water heater is likely to vary according to several criteria:
- The material chosen: the cost will not be the same depending on the range, brand, capacity and mode of energy supply.
- The price of the installation: each professional has his own prices. In addition, the possible removal of the old model or the difficulties of access to the device can increase the bill.
Of course, the prices mentioned below are indicative. These are average prices practiced in France for classic models. It is not recommended to change your water heater yourself – unless you are an expert in the matter. It is generally recommended to call on a professional, this type of installation does not tolerate any error.
- The installation of an electric water heater (material and installation included) will cost you between 600 and 1,000 euros for classic models. On the other hand, for certain more complex devices, count up to 2,000 euros.
- For the installation of a gas water heater (equipment and installation included), count on average 3,000 to 4,000 euros for a classic model. For a more complex system, the price may be up to 5,000 euros.
- The installation of a thermodynamic water heater (material and installation included) will cost you an average of 2,500 euros.
- For the installation of a solar water heater, expect an average cost of 3,500 euros. However, solar collectors can increase the price of the installation to nearly 6,000 euros.
Contact several qualified professionals to establish at least three quotes. Ask for detailed quotes, listing the procedure for the intervention and the cost of the equipment; this is the best way to avoid unpleasant surprises. Compare the offers and do not hesitate to negotiate to obtain a quality service at an advantageous price. However, keep in mind that a water heater that is inexpensive to buy can be very expensive to use if it is poorly sized or if the technology does not meet your needs. Think carefully and seek professional advice!