Stainless steel : what is it ? How to use it ?

Stainless steel, as its name suggests, is the small name of stainless steel: this is of course its first asset. But stainless steel has other advantages, more or less known to neophytes, we will see which ones.

Why stainless steel?

Home, transport, medicine, surgery, food preparation, mechanical and chemical industries are all his favorite fields. Stainless steel has the advantage of being easy to maintain and clean as well as retaining very little dirt. It is therefore a very hygienic material, hence its use in hospitals and doctors’ surgeries. From a metallurgical point of view, it is weldable and resistant to temperature variations as well as corrosion: stainless steel is durable and malleable at the same time. Some alloys, unlike aluminium, are resistant to fire (called refractory steel) as well as to UV

Anti rust: yes but how?

The presence of chromium (at a minimum level of 10.5%) in the formula of the steel, itself an alloy of iron and carbon, makes it stainless: a protective layer of chromium oxide forms on its surface, conferring this property. Other ferrous components can be used in this alloy, titanium and nickel in particular, which improve the material’s resistance to high and low temperatures, its stability and some of its mechanical properties (ability to deform without breaking). The most common grade of stainless steel is called austenitic (resistant up to -200%).

For what domestic use?

Stainless steel is found mainly in the kitchen and the bathroom: it brings light, with its silvery appearance, and contrasts well with white and black or even bright red. Suitable for kitchen elements such as sinks, worktops, consoles, etc. We meet thebrushed stainless steel also in the bathroom. It is a design material that is sought after in interiors today, which gives a classy result and a clean effect, particularly appreciated in these rooms of the house; provided however to maintain it a minimum so that it retains its original shine…


Maintenance

On a daily basis (for a stainless steel sink for example) it is enough to wash it with a soap or neutral product: Marseille soap is particularly indicated, for its economical use and its natural origin (it is found in “special” bread maintenance ). You can also clean the stainless steel with white vinegar since the latter has the power to eliminate limescale stains. When cleaning, it is important to follow the “direction” of the stainless steel so as not to scratch it and above all not to use steel wool or abrasive sponge which could leave ugly marks; for this same reason, bleach is also not recommended. Finally, even with a special stainless steel product, it is necessary to rinse with lukewarm water and dry carefully.

Where to get it ?

Raw or brushed stainless steel can be found in all the major DIY stores, but it is also possible to order it, cut to measure, on specialized sites such as John-steel.com.

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