Which orchids can be planted in the garden?

Orchids are fascinating perennial herbaceous plants and orchidophiles have enough to satisfy their passion since there are at least 26,000 species of orchids divided into approximately 860 genera. Not all of them are of tropical origin since certain species of terrestrial orchids grow spontaneously in our regions, but they should never be transplanted into your garden. This would expose them to dieback but promote the extinction of the species. It is therefore better buy orchids in a specialized store and take them out to the garden if conditions allow. Here are some species that appreciate being placed outside during the summer period.

Orchids of the genus Pholidota

Anyone who owns an orchid of the genus Pholidota is very happy because it is not common to find the forty or so species that it includes in cultivation. Be that as it may, this type of orchid can be brought out from June but not beyond the first half of September. The recommended place must be sheltered from the wind, semi-shaded, sheltered from heavy rain. Beware of high heat because these are orchids that like a some freshnessespecially at night, of the order of 13°C.

Brassidium orchid

It is a hybrid born from the cross between an Oncidium and a Brassia. This beautiful orchid appreciates being installed outdoors from June to August, only in regions south of the Loire and provided you enjoy shade throughout the day. Watering should be frequent.

Orchids of the genus Phalaenopsis

Phalaenopsis is the genus best known to the general public. It has about 60 species but today there are thousands of hybrids that can be bought in garden centers and even in supermarkets. Easy to cultivate, Phalaenopsis are not very complicated to make bloom again. For this, it is not necessary to cut the stem that has already flowered once, as long as it is not dry.

You can install a Phalaenopsis in the garden in summer, but only if the temperature variations between day and night are not brutal, i.e. if the difference is less than 4°C. The ideal is therefore to place this orchid in a place in the sheltered garden where day and night temperatures are quite similar. We can also fear the excess of humidity in certain regions. In addition, a great luminosity is essential throughout the day. We therefore avoid awnings that are too dark. Finally, remember to bring the plant in as soon as the temperature drops to 17°C.

Orchids of the genus Odontoglossum

Today, there are more than a dozen species. They can spend time in the garden, and are also capable of enjoy it but it is only recommended in a temperate climate because they like to benefit from a certain freshness. So there’s no question of taking out an Odontoglossum in a heat wave! This type of orchid can be placed under a tree so that it takes advantage of its shade, from mid-June to the beginning of October at the most, and it is necessary to water it quite frequently.

Orchids of the genus Barkeria

This genus includes 15 species that particularly appreciate a significant temperature difference between day and night. If we want to take them out in the garden, we choose summer of course, but they absolutely need a humid atmosphere as well as a great luminosity and one avoids the zones of the garden which are too sheltered to the point of becoming suffocating.

Orchids of the genus Maxillaria

313 species now make up this genus. Do not hesitate to take these orchids out into the garden as soon as the temperature is above 12°C. The conditions to be respected are the absence of direct sun and excessive drought. They need a humidity level at least equal to 50%. In an area that is too dry, it is essential to create a humid environment to allow this type of orchid to enjoy itself outdoors.

Orchids of the genus Dendrobium

There are about 1,200 species. A stay in the garden during the summer their is particularly beneficial as this promotes the production of new flowers in the fall. They must be placed in a semi-shaded position and sheltered from the wind. Specialists recommend taking Dendrobiums out after their canes have finished growing.

Orchids of the genus Miltonia

Today, there are 12 species. These orchids easy to grow benefit from spending the summer in the garden. You just need make sure they are not exposed to direct sunlight. Beware, however, of those who spend the year in a greenhouse: they may have a little trouble acclimatizing if their living conditions outside are too different.

Are there easy orchids that can be grown outdoors all year round?

In addition to the orchids that can only be taken out in summer, it is possible to treat yourself to a vigorous species which is planted outdoors. The best example is theOrchis de Fuchs (Dactylorhiza fuchsii), much appreciated for its ability to adapt to this environment. This european terrestrial orchid perfectly supports our climates. Splendid, it presents, from May until the end of July, inflorescences in pink/purple spikes adorned with white marbling or deep purple on the trilobed labellum.

On our territory, it can be encountered in the wild during escapades in the Alps. Beauty shows herself very rustic since she is able to bear up to -28 to -30°C. This garden perennial orchid likes stony, clayey or calcareous soils, provided they are perfectly drained. In summer, drought does not bother it, quite the contrary. It likes both shade and sun. It is finally the ideal orchid to install in the thankless areas of the garden. You just have to accept that it does not necessarily bloom every year since this phenomenon is linked to climatic conditions.

Other species of orchids can be observed in France, in nature. Each amateur of the genre can therefore try to plant some in his garden, but only after buying them. Among these marvels, one can for example quote in addition to the Orchis of Fuchs, the Orchis burned (Neotinea ustulata), the male Orchis (Orchis male), the Ophrys bee (Ophrys apifera), Orchis Goat (Himantoglossum hircinum) or also the Marsh Epipactis (Epipactis marshes), the Néottie bird’s nest (Neottia nest-bird) and the Sabot-de-Vénus (Cypripedium calceolus).

Among the good hundred wild orchids growing in France, enthusiasts have plenty to make great discoveries. But beware, no uprooting! You have to buy the seeds or the plants at producers, florists or in certain garden centres, because they are badly treated by Man and his modern way of life, wild orchids are protected because of the great threat of extinction hanging over them.

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